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Wanddickenmessung von Automobil Tanks


Application: Measurement of individual layers and total thickness in multilayer plastic automobile fuel tanks.

Background: Many contemporary automobile fuel tanks are fabricated with a multilayer plastic construction, typically made of two structural layers of high density polyethylene (HDPE) surrounding a thin gas barrier layer made of ethylene vinyl alcohol (EVOH). The purpose of the barrier layer is to prevent the slow leakage of gasoline vapor through the polyethylene wall. The HDPE structural layers are typically in the thickness range 0.1" to 0.2" (2.5 to 5 mm), and the EVOH barrier layer is typically 0.004" to 0.012" (0.1 to 0.3 mm). Tank manufacturers need to measure both the thickness and the depth of the barrier layer.

Equipment: The Model 38DL PLUS ultrasonic thickness gage with the Multi-Measurement software option is recommended for simultaneous measurement of individual layers and total part tank thickness in this application. With this software, the 38DL PLUS gage is capable of using separately programmed setups (including sound velocity, gain, and blanking settings) for each layer being measured to optimize performance. In this test, the gage is most often used with an M116-RM (20 MHz) contact transducer.

Typical Procedure: The waveforms below show measurements of structural and barrier layers in a typical automobile fuel tank. The gage's frequency-based barrier measurement mode is used to read the barrier layer whenever its thickness is less than approximately 0.010" (0.25 mm). Barrier depth is measured with a conventional Mode 1 setup, and the thickness of the inner polyethylene layer is measured in Mode 2. Thick barrier layers, greater than approximately 0.010" (0.25 mm) may also be measured in Mode 2. Note that because of low pass filtering effects in the outer polyethylene wall, the minimum measurable barrier thickness will usually be approximately 0.004" (0.100 mm).

The reflection ratio at the boundary between any two materials is determined by the relative acoustic impedances of those materials. Because virgin and regrind material have essentially identical acoustic impedances, it is not possible to separately measure regrind layers. Also, adhesive layers adjacent to barrier layers are generally too thin and/or too closely impedance matched to measure with ultrasonic techniques and cannot be resolved.


outer polyethylene layer


barrier layer (frequency domain measurement)


inner polyethylene layer

As with any ultrasonic thickness measurement, accuracy is dependent on proper sound velocity calibration. Velocity calibration must be performed for each material being measured, on samples of known thickness.



Olympus IMS
ProductsUsedApplications

Das 45MG ist ein Ultraschalldickenmesser mit Standardmessfunktionen und optionalen Softwarefunktionen. Dieses einzigartige Gerät ist mit der gesamten Palette von Olympus Einzelschwinger- und Sender-Empfängermessköpfen kompatibel, was dieses innovative Gerät zu einer Universallösung für nahezu jeden Anwendungsbereich in der Dickenmessung macht.
Das 38DL PLUS ist ein hochentwickelter Ultraschalldickenmesser. Es misst mit Sender-Empfängerschallkopf Korrosionen im Inneren von z. B. Rohren und besitzt eine THRU-COAT und Echo-Echo-Funktion. Es misst mit Einschwingermessköpfen dünne, sehr dicke oder mehrschichtige Werkstoffe sehr genau.
Der Magna-Mike ist ein Dickenmesser, der den Hall-Effekt und eine magnetische Sonde zum Messen von dünnen Objekten aus nicht ferritischen Werkstoffen, wie z. B. von Kunststoffflaschen nutzt.
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