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Inspection of Landing Gear


In today's aerospace market, the reliability of airplanes is more than ever a prime concern because airlines companies are trying to make their fleet last longer. To reach this goal safely, these companies must perform more inspections in order to ensure customer safety.

Some of the parts that have required inspection lately include landing gears, which are subject to intense stress upon takeoffs and landings. The section that must be inspected is a cylinder possessing three different diameters in the zone of interest. The best way to inspect that zone is to use a phased-array technique with steering capabilities to simultaneously fire 40- to 70-degree shear wave refracted angles in the part.
The adapted wedge and the combination of angles provided by the phased array system allow the complete inspection of the zone of interest in a single pass.
Some of the advantages of such a technique, in comparison to standard techniques, are the simplicity (performing a single one-line scan instead of a raster scan) and the ability to cover a complete volume using multiple angles at the same time. With this system, any inspector can perform the inspection faster and with better reliability.

Typical Inspection Requirements
  • Adapted probe and wedge to the curved surface
  • A-scan, B-scan, and sectorial scan displays
  • Storage of a one-line scan for analysis
  • Landing gear diameter: 5 in. (127 mm) to 8 in. (203.2 mm)
  • Part thickness: 0.5 in. (12.7 mm) to 1.5 in. (38.1)
  • User-friendly operating system
  • Portable system
  • Inclusion
  • Crack
Description of the Solution
  • Manual inspection using one small phased-array probe
  • One-line scan at around 12 mm/s (0.472 in.)
  • Inspection with 40- to 70-degree refracted angle
  • Real-time display of A-scan, B-scan, and sectorial scan
  • Storage of a one-line scan for analysis

Material Requirements

Inspection Method
The probe is configured to perform an sectorial scan from 40 to 70 degrees in the OmniScan software. The display and gain level are adjusted on flat bottom holes, and ID and OD notches using a mock-up of the real landing gear.
The scan then performs one longitudinal scan around the landing gear. The image is frozen and analyzed using A-scans, B-scans, and sectorial scans. Finally, if the piece is rejected, the scan is stored and kept for records.

Olympus IMS

Products used for this application


OmniScan SX

The single group, lightweight OmniScan SX features an easy-to-read 8.4 inch (21.3 cm) touch screen and provides cost-effective solutions. The OmniScan SX comes in two models: the SX PA and SX UT. The SX PA is a 16:64PR unit, which, like the UT-only SX UT, is equipped with a conventional UT channel for P/E, P-C or TOFD inspections.

OmniScan MX2

The OmniScan MX2 now features a new phased array module (PA2) with a UT channel, and a new two-channel conventional ultrasound module (UT2) that can be used for TOFD (Time-of-Flight Diffraction), as well as new software programs that expand the capabilities of the successful OmniScan MX2 platform.
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