The ERW In-Line uses phased array technology to inspect weld seam and the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of electrical resistance welded (ERW) tubes. The head rotation capability allows each probe independent movement from -120 to +120 degrees for weld tracking.
The Olympus mechanical solution for ERW pipe inspection is based on an small automated bridge (gantry type) that positions the inspection head in-line or off-line when performing inspections, automatic calibrations, or maintenance operations.
The Calibration Bench is an optional stand designed to perform automatic calibration and calibration check sequences at standard inspection speeds.
With Phased Array technology, a linear electronic scan is performed by moving the acoustic beam along the axis of the array without any mechanical movement. The beam movement is performed by time-multiplexing the active elements.
A cylindrical phased array probe is located on each side of the weld to inspect in both clockwise and counterclockwise directions. The UT beams are electronically steered to generate the desired refraction angle in the tube radial direction.
Weld Profiling and Tracking
A cylindrical phased array probe located on the weld fires at zero degrees. The scarfing is automatically monitored and the weld is profiled to create a true side view of the weld for fast profile analysis.
Each inspection head is designed with a unique Water Wedge mechanical concept providing many degrees of freedom in order to follow pipe movement and maintain perfect coupling.
This versatile concept enables different types of probe holders and cylindrical PA probes to be used when inspecting different pipe sizes. Wear plates that can be attached to the inspection head are also available in different sizes to fit each pipe diameter.
Pneumatic suspension enables the inspection head to follow the pipe movement and raise the Water Wedge if there is a scarfing window or butt weld between coils. The head rotation capability allows each probe independent movement from -120 to +120 degrees.
The calibration sequence is performed by moving each probe over a reference defect on the calibration tube (no tube rotation) to automatically compensate the gain of each beam for each detection gate. The calibration check sequence displays each calibration tube defect in an easy-to-interpret strip chart and weld-mapping view.
Conventional UT Inspection
When two conventional UT probes are used on each side of the weld (one for ID and the other for OD inspection), only a very narrow zone in the center of the HAZ is covered at 0 dB attenuation. As such, the UT probe's beamwidth profile shows maximum amplitude only in the center of the probe and rapidly decreases on each side. Slight mechanical movement (positioning) can result in high variations of detection amplitude.
Phased Array Inspection
Using only one PA probe on each side of the weld provides wide sector coverage of the HAZ with constant amplitude. This unique solution provides constant amplitude detection within the entire inspection area, even when there is significant mechanical movement (positioning).
Unique patented algorithm based on time-of-flight analysis perform automatic detection of the scarfing area and send feedback to the PLC to automatically adjust the inspection for each water wedge.
|Product Range and Inspection Speed|
|Diameter||60 mm to 245 mm (2.375 in. to 9.625 in.)|
|Wall Thickness||3 mm to 16 mm|
|Inspection Speed||Up to 1.5 m/s (295 ft/m)|
|Weld Sector Coverage||At least 25 mm for entire product range (adjustable)|
|Axial Pulse Density (APD)||1 mm (adjustable)|
|Weld tracking capacity||-90º to +90º|
|Real-time inspection result||C-scan, strip charts, and alarms|
|Parameter setup||A-scan, B-scan|
|Inspection layouts||20 different user-configurable layouts|
|Typical Inspection Modes||
45º, 60º, 70º (typical inspection configuration:
45º pulse-echo mode and 45º pitch-catch mode)
|Firing Modes||Pulse-echo, pitch-catch|
|Inspection Mode Configuration||Several inspection modes can be performed simultaneously on the same PA probe.|
|Detection Capabilities for Typical Reference Defects|
1/2 in./1 in. (12.7 mm/25.4 mm) N10 and N5, ID and OD longitudinal notches
1/8 in. (3.2 mm) through drilled hole (TDH)
1/16 in. (1.6 mm) TDH
1/32 in (0.8 mm) TDH
1/8 in. (3.2 mm) half wall drilled hole
1/16 in. (1.6 mm) half wall drilled hole
1/32 in. (0.8 mm) half wall drilled hole
|Minimum SNR||9 dB to 12 dB|
LID/LOD notches: ≤ 1.5 dB
1/8 in. (3.2 mm) TDH : ≤ 2.0 dB
1/16 in. (1.6 mm) TDH : ≤ 2.5 dB
|Reporting and Data Storage|
|Report types||Inspection, calibration, and calibration-check user-configurable reports|
|Storage||Real-time database inspection data storage|
|* The inspection modes mentioned are the most typical. Intermediate angles can be easily created with the Setup Wizard.|